Delhi pollution levels rose to astonishing levels this year and the city is engulfed with thick smog, bringing down the visibility too. Delhi's pollution comes from excessive use of private transport, no cycling and pedestrian pathways not enough lung spaces for the vibrant but choking city. PM2.5 at the time of writing this post was 699 at Anand Vihar which is hazardous to health. With PM2.5 in California, LA being about 173 at the same time. Mumbai at 153 and Hyderabad at 136 are the two other major pollution borne cities in the country.
Delhi court noted the city's pollution saying ' it looks like a gas chamber' and asked the Government to implement a new strategy by Dec 21. The ruling Aam Aadmi party in Delhi hence introduced the Odd-Even formula, successfully implemented in several other world's big time polluting cities such as China and Bogota etc.,
Delhi's metro system is already crowded and there aren't enough buses on the road for people to consider it as a viable commute to work. There are no trams even in developed areas of the city.
Delhi's main polluters include industrial air pollution, thermal power plants and trucks which ply commuting essential commodities to the city and are the life line. Delhi's compounding problems are the satellite towns and cities like, Faridabad and Rohtak in Haryana, Gurgaon and Noida in U.P., and many other suburbs from where people commute daily for work.
In order for Government to succeed it should take pedestrianization and cycling and usage of Trams and other electric mode of transport for short distances in a big manner. Also the city may not be able cope with the present metro rail. I think the city should go for an elaborate well-planned, feasible underground metro system to plan ahead in to the future, keeping in mind the growth trajectory of the city. Administration should initiate tree plantation also in a big manner and sensitize the citizenry of benefits of using public transport.
Government's woes not only comes from the polluting factors but also from lack of understanding between the state and centre who do not see eye to eye on many public issues and may prove difficult to implement it's strategies.